You can eye it as a manifestation of disparate society or a reflector of India’s class struggle – but the truth lies in the fact that four out of every five Indian doctors treat merely 28% of the country’s population.
Everyone is aware of India’s dismal human development indices. If you consider the KPMG-OPPI report revealed on August 19th, this will barely seem to be surprising since you will be exposed to some murky figures about India’s healthcare ecosystem.
The realities and disparities are clearly evident. Owing to the shortage of infrastructure, dearth of trained human resources and limited financing options, access to the healthcare is limited and restricted.
The loopholes imply that India has been unable to meet most of the health targets under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) set by the UN Summit in 2000.
On the other hand, the government finances only one-third of the health expenditure which at 4.1% of GDP stands lowest in the world and lowest among the BRIC Nations.
Here is a list of the main findings:
- 60% of the Hospitals and 70% of the dispensaries are located in the urban areas. Even in the urban areas, 80% of the doctors treat merely 28% of the population.
- The report suggests that Average Life Expectancy is an Abysmal 68 years in India. The report suggests that this stands at one of the lowest among the BRIC nations. As per the latest statistics, China has a life expectancy of 75 followed by Brazil with 73 and Russia with 70.
- The Infant Mortality Rate is 38 per every 1000 live births. Maternal Mortality Rate is 174 per every 1,00,000 live births in 2015 which stands the highest among the BRIC nations.
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- Non-Communicable diseases such as Cardio-vascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, cancer and diabetes account for 60% of deaths annually.
- The ratio of the number of hospital beds per 1000 population has fallen to 0.9.
- Merely 37% of the population in the rural areas can avail the in-patient departmental facilities within a 5 Km radius and just 68% can avail the out-patient department within the same range. In-patient clinics provide treatment to patients suffering from severe diseases and injuries and admit patients for more than 24 hours.On the other hand, out-patient clinics treat patients requiring a comparatively mild treatment. This implies that an average village in India has access to one primary healthcare facility within its village block.
- Approximately 63 Million population is in debt owing to health expenses which is equivalent to the population of United Kingdom.
- The report further reveals that nearly one-third of the population is driven below the poverty line owing to health expenses alone.
- 75% of the population remains uncovered since the Universal Health Coverage almost seems to be a forgotten promise.
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